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native of Madagascar, where all the most peculiar "Viverridae
Bulb-Fam. 2. Galidictiinae.—Mivart has placed in this sub-
family the three Mascarene genera, Cralidia, Hemigcdidia, and
Galidictis. In them the orbit is not enclosed by hone ; there is
no allsplienoid canal, and there are five toes and fingers.
Galidia, consists of but one species, G-. elegans, of a chestnut
brown colour, with a tail ringed with black. The claws are not
retractile. The scent gland is absent. There are five digits
upon both hand and foot. There are three premolars and two
. molars on each side of each jaw. The caecum is (for an Aeluroid)
long, and pointed at the apex; it is quite twice the length of that
of Gfen&tta.
Closely allied to Galidia is the genus Hemigcdidia, of which
there are two species. It is distinguished from the last genus by
the non-annulated tail. It also differs in the dental formula,
which is for the molars Pm -j- M -J. This animal is termed by
Buffon the Vansire. He correctly enumerates its grinders, and
distinguishes it from the Ferret!
Galidictis is a third genus from Madagascar containing
two species, one of which has been unfortunately named Gr.
vittata, leading perhaps to some confusion with the totally
distinct Galictis vittata. As in the last two genera the digits
are five. The dental formula is that of Gcdidia. It is dis-
tinguished from the other two genera of its sub-family by the
longitudinal brown striping of the upper part of the greyish
Sub-Fam, 3. Cryptoproctinae.—Cryptoprocta x represents a
special sub-family, Cryptoproctinae, and includes only a single
species, the Fossa (C. ferox) of Madagascar. It is the largest
Carnivore of Madagascar, being about twice the size of a Cat,
but with an elongated body; the colour is a tawny brown
with no striping. The animal is active and lithe in its
motions, and is said to be of almost unexampled ferocity in
disposition. Its exact systematic position has been much dis-
cussed. By Zittel it is placed in a sub-family (including the
extinct Proaelurus and Pseudaelurus) of the Felidae. Mivart
and Lydekker, on the other hand, regard it as a genus of the
Viverridae. The dental formula of the molars, Pm |> M ^, is
1 Beddard in Proc. %ooL Soc. 1895, p. 430.